Sky Scrapers : Modern
As people began to flood America and land usage was expanding outwards with the arrival of immigrants into the American, space in many cities was growing tight. Because space and land patterning is essential to a city, many began to wonder if buildings could extend upwards to save space. Skyscrapers were born. The first cranes were invented in the late 19th century which helped spawn the exploration of the use of upwards space. This allowed more buildings to be built in a condensed space and the idea of a "downtown" city was created. Condensed buildings provided a contrasting landscape to the low flat buildings previously built. Also, glass and steal have been explored previously with European buildings, but sky scrapers took these materials to a whole new level as they became more structural elements rather than decorative. Brick was also used in earlier designs to help add structural support. These buildings became landmarks and popular destinations for businesses and people to see the rest of the city. Soon, other cities were trying to build structures and "outdo" other cities to have the tallest building.